Partido Liberal Flag Mola (Front of a Woman's Blouse)

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Guna women gained the right to vote in 1946 when Panamá granted universal suffrage. Sewing political molas provides a unique way to comment on national elections. This panel marks a turbulent time in Panamá’s history: in 1984, the Partido Liberal (Liberal Party) supported the dictator Manuel Noriega, who came to power through fraudulent elections. Guna attitudes toward Noriega may have varied, but they ultimately revolted against his regime after he established a military zone in their territory.
Partido Liberal Flag Mola (Front of a Woman's Blouse)

Partido Liberal Flag Mola (Front of a Woman's Blouse)


Republic of Panamá, Gunayala Comarca, Guna people

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