Mar 6, 2020

Partido Liberal Ballot Box Mola

Partido Liberal Ballot Box Mola


Part of a set. See all set records

Cotton: reverse appliqué, appliqué, embroidery

Overall: 38.7 x 46 cm (15 1/4 x 18 1/8 in.)

Gift of Jeanne Marie Stumpf, Ph.D. 2010.802.1



Guna women gained the right to vote in 1946 when Panamá granted universal suffrage. Sewing political molas provides a unique way to comment on national elections. This panel marks a turbulent time in Panamá’s history: in 1984, the Partido Liberal (Liberal Party) supported the dictator Manuel Noriega, who came to power through fraudulent elections. Guna attitudes toward Noriega may have varied, but they ultimately revolted against his regime after he established a military zone in their territory.

See also

Contact us

The information about this object, including provenance, may not be currently accurate. If you notice a mistake or have additional information about this object, please email

To request more information about this object, study images, or bibliography, contact the Ingalls Library Reference Desk.

All images and data available through Open Access can be downloaded for free. For images not available through Open Access, a detail image, or any image with a color bar, request a digital file from Image Services.