The Ninth Day Literary Gathering at Xing’an [Temporary Retreat]



Fang Shishu 方士庶

(Chinese, 1693–1751)

and Ye Fanglin 葉芳林

(Chinese, active late 1600s–mid-1700s)
Image: 32.4 x 201.2 cm (12 3/4 x 79 3/16 in.); Overall: 33.5 x 893 cm (13 3/16 x 351 9/16 in.)
Location: not on view
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Did You Know?

The two hosts and their fourteen guests were all officials, scholars, poets, painters, and salt merchants.


By the 1700s, Yangzhou was flourishing both economically and culturally as the most prosperous city in China, having surpassed all other Jiangnan cities in their creation of gardens. This group portrait commemorates a literary gathering in the private garden of the salt merchants and art patrons Ma Yueguan (1688–1755) and his brother Ma Yuelu (1697–after 1766) in Yangzhou. Ma Yueguan received imperial recognition for providing financial aid and food relief for those affected by flood and drought. Ma Yueguan is seen seated at the end of the painting holding an open scroll while Ma Yuelu stands behind the qin instrument player. Among the guests were officials, scholars, poets, painters, and merchants, a mix of local members of a poetry club reflecting increasing social diversity
The Ninth Day Literary Gathering at Xing’an [Temporary Retreat]

The Ninth Day Literary Gathering at Xing’an [Temporary Retreat]


Fang Shishu, Ye Fanglin

(Chinese, 1693–1751), (Chinese, active late 1600s–mid-1700s)
China, Qing dynasty (1644-1911)

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