Mountains of the Immortals



Chen Ruyan 陳汝言

(Chinese, c. 1331–1371)

Ni Zan 倪瓚

(Chinese, 1301–1374)
Painting only: 33.4 x 97.3 cm (13 1/8 x 38 5/16 in.); height: 35 cm (13 3/4 in.)
Location: not on view
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Did You Know?

Such blue and green landscapes often evoke nostalgia for the idealized ancient times.


The landscape in deep green tones offers a view into a secluded mountain valley, populated by ancient figures surrounded by deer and cranes, all under high pine trees. A red-robed immortal in the air steers his crane toward the paradise land.

This idyllic scene was presumably created amid the tumultuous transition from the Yuan to the Ming dynasty. Chen from Suzhou supported major rebel leaders, first Zhang Shicheng (1321–1367) with his base in Suzhou and then his rival Zhu Yuanzhang in Nanjing, after the latter had established the Ming dynasty. Chen was executed in 1371.
Mountains of the Immortals

Mountains of the Immortals


Chen Ruyan, Ni Zan

(Chinese, c. 1331–1371), (Chinese, 1301–1374)
China, Yuan dynasty (1271-1368)

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