Julius Caesar

c. 1455–60
(Italian, c. 1430–1484)
(Italian, c. 1430–1484)
Overall: 83 x 84 x 25 cm (32 11/16 x 33 1/16 x 9 13/16 in.)
Weight: 276.691 kg (610 lbs.)
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Traces of paint on this white marble relief indicated that it was once brightly painted.


Renowned Roman general and statesman Julius Caesar (100–44 BCE) appears here as a political rather than military leader, worn by the burdens of office, with carefully described signs of aging. Mino probably used ancient coins from the collection of the Medici, Florence's ruling family, as his starting point for this sculpture. However, the complex carving, the clinging drapery, and the psychological intensity all characterize the inventiveness Renaissance artists brought to classical subject matter. In this case, Caesar offered an important model for leadership, masculinity, and composure. The garland is clearly by a different hand, but passages, such as the ribbons and flowers in low relief, correspond to details found in other decorative carvings from Mino's workshop. Initially, the limestone setting was probably put into a wall, perhaps in a lunette over the door, from which it was later removed. However, the relationship between the garland and the relief has not yet been clarified and is the subject of ongoing research.
Julius Caesar

Julius Caesar

c. 1455–60

Mino da Fiesole, Mino da Fiesole and Workshop

(Italian, c. 1430–1484), (Italian, c. 1430–1484)
Italy, Florence, 15th century


Julius Caesar

The Artist, Mino da Fiesole

Marble Relief Carving

Mino and the Medici

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